US Army Corps of Engineers
Memphis District

Environment & Weather

Weather events and man have complicated the natural cycle of water use, compromising the ecological balance and hydrology of the Grand Prairie region.

The groundwater demands of irrigation for agriculture have been compounded by several years of natural drought, creating a greater problem below the soil's surface.

Deeper wells became necessary as shallow supplies of groundwater shrank. Three years of below normal rainfall and above normal temperatures within the region have further detracted from nature's ability to recharge its aquifers. Meanwhile, the agricultural demands for irrigation - approximately 95 percent of the region's farmland is irrigated - in addition to the water needs of industry and the local population, have increased.

As the demand for groundwater increases, many users within the Grand Prairie region are expected to exhaust economically available commercial supplies of it sometime within the next 10 to 15 years.

Without an effort to change how the Grand Prairie's groundwater resources are being used, everything this region has become - the State's agribusiness center and waterfowl Mecca - could soon face decline.